II. Antisemitic Violence against Individuals
Throughout much of the region, antisemitic incidents increasingly took the form of physical attacks on individuals. Since 2005, the statistical findings of both official and nongovernmental monitors have identified a pattern in which such attacks constitute a growing proportion of incidents overall. Even in the absence of detailed statistical data, the evidence from incident reports and NGO analyses provide equally compelling evidence of the increase of personal assaults within a larger environment of burgeoning antisemitic and racist discourse.
- In the United Kingdom, on July 21, 2007, a group of teenage youths shouting antisemitic epithets attacked a man leaving a synagogue in Salford, Manchester after evening services. They punched him in the head and threw bricks at him.
- In France, on September 6, 2007, in Garges-lès-Gonesse, an unknown attacker punched a man, who was leaving a synagogue, several times and smashed the rear window of his car.
- In Ukraine, on September 27, 2007, a group of four youths attacked a worshipper as he left a synagogue in Zhytomyr after evening prayers; the target of the attack, an Israeli Jew, responded with mace and drove off the attackers.
- In Germany, on December 12, 2007, two inebriated young men in their twenties harassed two Jews traveling on a bus in Berlin, spitting on one and pushing him. The attackers, who shouted antisemitic slurs, were subsequently arrested.
- In the Russian Federation, men described as skinheads assaulted two Jewish men on June 11, 2007, in Ivanovo, northeast of Moscow, while shouting antisemitic epithets. The victims were wearing “traditional Jewish clothes” when attacked. Two 21-year-olds were detained, and a prosecutor said they would be charged with incitement to racial and religious hatred.
- In France, on April 19, 2007, Rabbi Elie Dahan was attacked by a young man at the Paris Nord railway station. Onlookers sought to detain the attacker, but failed to do so. Rabbi Dahan’s glasses were broken, causing an eye injury.
- In Germany, a man attacked 42-year-old Rabbi Zalman Gurevitch on September 7, 2007, in Frankfurt, stabbing him in the stomach and shouting antisemitic expletives.
- In the United States, on October 9, 2007, Orthodox Rabbi Mordechai Moskowitz was brutally beaten with an aluminum baseball bat in Lakewood, New Jersey. Witnesses told police they saw a man walk by Rabbi Moskowitz and turn on the rabbi, beating him in the head and body with the baseball bat.”
- In Ukraine, on November 29, 2007, a group shouting antisemitic epithets attacked Rabbi Binyamin Wolf, the chief rabbi of Sevastopol and Chabad representative, as he left his home for a synagogue. Wolf suffered serious injuries and was subsequently hospitalized.
- In France, on October 8, 2007, a group of young people attacked a 14-year-old student of a Jewish school in Paris, kicking him and hitting him with a stick; he reportedly suffered an eye injury and scratches.
- In Germany’s capital, Berlin, on January 16, 2007, four attackers accosted five students of the city’s non-religious Jewish high school, insulting them with antisemitic screeds and setting a dog on them.
- In the Russian Federation’s Moscow Oblast, on February 19, 2007, a group of young people harassed three pupils from the Torat Chaim Jewish School after classes, demanded they confirm they were Jewish and physically assaulted them, leaving one with a concussion.
- In Canada, the Jewish People’s and Peretz School in Montreal was forced to evacuate 500 students after a telephoned bomb threat on February 2, 2007. A further threat was received on February 6.
- In Germany, in February 2007, attackers threw a smoke bomb through the window of a Jewish kindergarten in Berlin, which failed to go off. The same individuals were reported to have sprayed swastikas, other racist symbols, and antisemitic slogans on school walls and playground equipment.
- On June 9, in Ilford, the occupants of a passing vehicle threw white paint over visibly Jewish pedestrians who were walking home from synagogue.
- On April 3, a person who was visibly Jewish was pelted with eggs as he walked home from a Passover meal in Ilford.
- On January 30, in Wood Green, London, youths approached a visibly Jewish teenager and his mother on the upper deck of a bus, and knocked off his hat. When the two got up and went to find seats below, one of the youths followed and spat on the boy.