The Framework of Criminal Law
Legislation on Bias-motivated Violence
|Bias-motivated Violent Crimes as Specific Offenses||Bias as an Express General Aggravating Factor||Bias as an Aggravating Factor in Specific Common Crimes|
Bias Types Covered by Provisions on Aggravating Circumstances
|Race/National Origin/Ethnicity||Religion||Sexual Orientation||Gender||Disability||Other|
A new Criminal Code was adopted in 2005. It was amended in 2006 on the basis of Law No. 278/2006 to include provisions on bias as an express general aggravating factor.
According to Article 75(1)(c), the commission of a crime by reason of race, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, sex, sexual orientation, opinion, political belonging, convictions, wealth, social origin, age, disability, chronic diseases or HIV/AIDS, is considered to be an aggravating circumstance.