Crackdown on Gay Men in Chechnya
Crackdown on Gay Men in Chechnya
The Current Situation
On April 1, 2017, independent Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta reported that Chechen authorities detained more than one hundred gay men over the prior week “in connection with their nontraditional sexual orientation, or suspicion of such.” According to the reports, three of the men have been killed, and the death toll may be even higher. Survivors reported beatings and torture as well as being forced to disclose the names of other local gay men. The author cited sources within the Chechen government and Russian authorities as well as LGBT activists.
Per Novaya Gazeta, the crackdown follows a Russian LGBT group’s filing official requests to permit LGBT pride parades in various cities throughout Russia. While the group did not plan a parade in Chechnya, the announcement was widely publicized in the media, sparking outrage and homophobic protests. Elina Milashina, the article’s author, stated that sources within the Russian secret service explicitly linked the detentions to these events, calling them “a preventative sweep.” This round of detentions followed an earlier sweep prompted by the February detention of a man who had the names of many gay—or presumed gay—men in his phone.
The Russian LGBT Network released a statement expressing alarm over the reported detentions, abuse, and murders. The organization is providing support to the victims and established an emergency hotline for those in need of assistance and evacuation from the region.
Milashina has been forced into hiding after receiving death threats. Chechen clerics and authorities have directed threatening messages at Novaya Gazeta and its staff.
LGBT people in Russia face a climate of widespread societal homophobia and transphobia. In 2013, Russia passed a federal law banning “propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations to minors.” The law breeds a permissive climate for violence and discrimination against members of Russia’s LGBT community. The Chechnya region is known for its poor record on human rights, with security forces acting with impunity against marginalized populations.
A spokesperson for Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov called the reports of detention and abuse “absolute lies and disinformation.” He denied the existence of LGBT people in the region and alluded to so-called “honor killings” of LGBT people, saying that “if such people existed in Chechnya, law enforcement would not have to worry about them, as their own relatives would have sent them to where they could never return.”
A spokesperson for President Vladimir Putin questioned the veracity of the reports, saying they are "a question for law enforcement” and “not on the Kremlin's agenda."
The U.S. Department of State condemned the attacks and called on the Russian authorities to conduct a thorough investigation. The Department of State also expressed concern about “the widespread discrimination and violence against LGBTI persons in Russia or any society” and called on the Russian government “to protect all people from discrimination and violence.”
The president of the European Parliament strongly condemned the homophobic attacks while the Secretary General of the Council of Europe urged Russia’s High Commissioner for Human Rights to investigate the attacks. Numerous international human rights organizations have expressed outrage and called for an investigation. The spokesperson for the European Union also called for “prompt, effective and thorough investigations into the reports of abductions and killings of gay men in Chechnya.”
Despite international condemnation, the persecution of gay men in Chechnya continues. The United States should work with the international community to develop a coordinated response to the crisis, ensuring the safety of the victims and accountability for the perpetrators of these egregious human rights violations.