Human Rights Summit: Bios
Janvier Murairi Bakihanaye
For more than two decades, the DRC has been beset by armed conflicts directly related to the exploitation of its natural resources, creating a dangerous environment for human rights work. In the face of serious threats and challenging work conditions, Janvier Murairi Bakihanaye advocates for change with international standard-setting bodies, national governments, local authorities in North Kivu, economic actors, civil society coalitions, and others. His work as the co-founder and president of the Association for the Development of Peasant Initiatives (ASSODIP) exposes corruption, contemporary forms of slavery, and the degrading living and working conditions of rural communities. Murairi has also participated in the creation of the Coalition of Anti-Slavery Civil Society Organizations (COSCAE), which works across all the areas in which modern slavery still persists.
Eric Biel joined the Bureau of International Labor Affairs at the U.S. Department of Labor in February 2012. He is part of ILAB's senior leadership team, working on a diverse set of projects and activities, including supply chain issues across different sectors and submissions under the labor chapters of free trade agreements. Before joining the Department, Biel was Managing Director for Corporate Responsibility at Burson-Marsteller, a global consulting firm. From 2003-2006 he was Deputy Washington Director and Senior Counsel of Human Rights First. Since 2008, Biel has taught a course at the Georgetown University Law Center on "Human Rights at the Intersection of Trade and Corporate Responsibility" that explores a range of business and human rights issues. He received a B.A. in history from Johns Hopkins and joint degrees in law from Yale Law School and public policy from the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton.
U.S. Ambassador Reuben E. Brigety II
A native of Jacksonville, Florida, Ambassador Reuben E. Brigety II most recently served as the appointed Representative of the United States of America to the African Union and Permanent Representative of the United States to the UN Economic Commission for Africa. Prior to this appointment, Ambassador Brigety served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the Bureau of African Affairs from November 14, 2011 until September 3, 2013 with responsibility for Southern African and Regional Security Affairs. From December 2009 to November 2011, he served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration. Ambassador Brigety is a 1995 distinguished midshipman graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy, where he earned a B.S. in political science (with merit), served as the Brigade Commander and received the Thomas G. Pownall Scholarship. He also holds an M.Phil. and a Ph.D. in international relations from the University of Cambridge, England.
Luis C. deBaca is the Director of the Justice Department's Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking (SMART Office). DeBaca previously coordinated U.S. government activities in the global fight against contemporary forms of slavery as Ambassador at Large for the State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, and served as Counsel to the House Committee on the Judiciary. At the Justice Department from 1993 through 2006, he lead the investigation and prosecution of cases involving human trafficking, official misconduct, and hate crimes, as well as money laundering, organized crime, and alien smuggling. He is the recipient of the Secretary of State's Distinguished Honor Award, the Attorney General's Distinguished Service Award, the Attorney General's John Marshall Award, and the Director's Award from the Executive Office of United States Attorneys. He has received the leading honor given by the national human trafficking victim service provider community—the Freedom Network's Paul & Sheila Wellstone Award—and has been named the Michigan Law School's Distinguished Latino Alumnus.
As the Director of National Security Outreach, Scott Cooper is Human Rights First’s chief ambassador to the national security community. He leads Human Rights First’s efforts to build partnerships with members of the military and national security communities as well as national security-focused think tanks and research institutions.
Prior to joining Human Rights First, Scott spent a career in the Marine Corps. He flew the EA-6B Prowler, serving five tours in Iraq, two in Afghanistan, one in Europe, and one in the Western Pacific. He flew the Bosnian and Iraqi no-fly zones, the Kosovo air campaign, and in Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. He also served on the ground as a Forward Air Controller in Iraq and Afghanistan. He commanded an EA-6B Prowler squadron and finished his career as the speechwriter to the head of Marine Corps Aviation.
An expert on civil-military relations, air power, and national security issues, he has published work in the Washington Post, the Washington Quarterly, Policy Review, Proceedings, and the Marine Corps Gazette. Scott holds a Bachelor of Science in Political Science from the United States Naval Academy and a Master of Arts in International Relations from the University of Maryland at College Park.
Todd Frankel is a staff writer at The Washington Post, where he writes on business, technology, storytelling, and more. He recently published an in-depth investigation into the cobalt mining industry in the Congo, exposing inhumane working conditions and child labor in the supply chains of major electronics companies. Frankel was previously a staff writer at the St. Louis Post-Dispatch and taught journalism at Washington University in St. Louis’s University College. He received a B.A. in English at the University of Delaware.
Carter F. Ham
Carter F. Ham, born February 16, 1952, is a United States General who served as the second commander of U.S. Africa Command. There he led Operation Odyssey Dawn, the initial U.S. role in the 2011 military intervention in Libya. Ham previously served as the Commanding General of the U.S. Army Europe and Seventh Army from August 28, 2008 to March 8, 2011. Prior to that, he served as Director for Operations (J-3) at the Joint Staff from August 2007 to August 2008 and the Commanding General, U.S. 1st Infantry Division from August 2006 to August 2007, and was the commander of Operation Able Sentry in Macedonia in the mid-1990s, during the Yugoslav wars.
Senator Amy Klobuchar (MN-D)
Amy Klobuchar is the first woman elected to represent the State of Minnesota in the United States Senate. Klobuchar has built a reputation of putting partisanship aside to help strengthen the economy and support families, workers, and businesses. She fought to pass the most significant consumer product safety legislation in a generation, keeping foreign toxic products off our shores and out of our stores, and pushed the cell phone companies to enact more consumer-friendly policies. Klobuchar has served as a member of the Senate Agriculture Committee, and in 2015 she was appointed Chair of the Senate Democratic Steering and Outreach Committee, where she brings together senators, businesses, community leaders, policy experts and intergovernmental organizations to help develop policies to strengthen the economy and move the country forward. She helped pass the most sweeping ethics reform since Watergate, and has pushed to reform the Senate rules. Klobuchar has also served as Ranking Senate Member of the Joint Economic Committee and a member of the President’s Export Council and the Senate Commerce Committee, as well as the Ranking Member on the Judiciary Subcommittee on Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights.
Charles Chandler Krulak
Charles Chandler Krulak, born March 4, 1942, served as the 31st Commandant of the Marine Corps from July 1, 1995 to June 30, 1999. He is the son of Lieutenant General Victor H. "Brute" Krulak, USMC, who served in World War II, Korea, and Vietnam. Krulak is part of a retired military leaders coalition, organized by Human Rights First, that advocates for national security policies that align with American ideals, such as closing the prison at Guantanamo and disavowing the use of torture. He is also a Bankrupt Slavery Campaign Ambassador with Human Rights First. He was the 13th President of Birmingham-Southern College after his stint as a non-executive director of English association football club Aston Villa.
Daryl A. Libow
Daryl Libow is managing partner of Sullivan & Cromwell’s Washington office and co-head of the firm’s antitrust practice. He has acted as lead counsel and represented clients in a broad range of matters, including criminal and civil antitrust litigation, complex commercial litigation, governmental investigations, securities fraud, and congressional investigations. Libow joined Sullivan & Cromwell in 1986 and has also worked in their New York and London offices. Libow has been recognized as a leading practitioner by the National Law Journal, The Legal 500, The Best Lawyers in America, Chambers USA, and Global Competition Review. He serves on the boards of the National Jazz Museum in Harlem and The Ellington Fund (associated with the Duke Ellington School of the Arts). He is also a member of the Dean’s Advisory Council of Cornell Law School. Daryl is a graduate of Harvard University, the London School of Economics and Political Science, and Cornell Law School.
Elisa Massimino was named President and Chief Executive Officer of Human Rights First in September 2008. Human Rights First is one of the nation’s leading human rights advocacy organizations. Established in 1978, Human Rights First works in the United States and abroad to promote respect for human rights and the rule of law. Massimino joined Human Rights First as a staff attorney in 1991 to help establish the Washington office. From 1997 to 2008 she served as the organization’s Washington Director. Previously, Massimino was a litigator in private practice at the Washington law firm of Hogan & Hartson, where she was pro bono counsel in many human rights cases. Before joining the legal profession, she taught philosophy at several universities in Michigan.
Massimino holds a law degree from the University of Michigan where she was an editor of the Journal of Law Reform. She holds a Master of Arts in philosophy from Johns Hopkins University, and is a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Trinity University in San Antonio, Texas. Massimino serves as an adjunct professor at Georgetown University Law Center, where she teaches human rights advocacy, and has taught international human rights law at the University of Virginia and refugee law at the George Washington University School of Law. She is a member of the bar of the United States Supreme Court.
Marilyn Carlson Nelson
Marilyn Carlson Nelson and Barbara Carlson Gage share ownership of Carlson Inc., a large travel and hospitality company that Marilyn formerly led. Her daughter, Diana Nelson, took over as chairwoman in 2013. Marilyn remains on the Carlson board as director and is co-CEO of Carlson Holdings. The company operates over 1,340 hotels (Radisson, Country Inns & Suites), 930 T.G.I. Friday's restaurants, and holds a majority stake in Carlson Wagonlit. Her father, Curt (d. 1999), founded the company to sell Gold Bond trading stamps in the 1930s and later expanded it into dining and hospitality. In 2014, Marilyn Carlson Nelson was selected as one of the Oslo Business for Peace Award Honorees for her work abolishing human trafficking of children; she previously received the Presidential Award for Extraordinary Efforts to Combat Trafficking in Persons from the White House. She is Human Rights First’s 2016 Beacon Price recipient for her leadership in the business community to combat modern slavery.
Michael H. Posner is the Jerome Kohlberg Professor of Ethics and Finance and a Professor of Business and Society at NYU's Stern School of Business, where he is working to launch the first-ever center on business and human rights at a business school. Prior to joining NYU Stern, Posner served from 2009 to 2013 in the Obama Administration as Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor at the State Department. From 1978 to 2009, he led Human Rights First. Posner is recognized as a leader and expert in advancing a rights-based approach to national security, challenging the practice of torture, combating discrimination, and refugee protection. He is a frequent public commentator on these issues, and has testified dozens of times before Congress.
Josh Rogin is a columnist for the Global Opinions section of the Washington Post and a political analyst with CNN. Previously, he has covered foreign policy and national security for Bloomberg View, Newsweek, The Daily Beast, Foreign Policy magazine, Congressional Quarterly, Federal Computer Week magazine, and Japan’s Asahi Shimbun. He was a 2011 finalist for the Livingston Award for Young Journalists and the 2011 recipient of the Interaction Award for Excellence in International Reporting. Rogin holds a BA in international affairs from the George Washington University and studied at Sophia University in Tokyo, Japan. He lives in Washington, D.C.
William B. Taylor, Jr.
William B. Taylor is the executive vice president at the U.S. Institute of Peace. Earlier, he was the special coordinator for Middle East Transitions in the U.S. State Department. He oversaw assistance and support to Egypt, Tunisia, Libya and Syria. He served as the U.S. ambassador to Ukraine from 2006 to 2009. He also served as the U.S. government's representative to the Mideast Quartet, which facilitated the Israeli disengagement from Gaza and parts of the West Bank. He served in Baghdad as the first director of the Iraq Reconstruction Management Office from 2004 to 2005, and in Kabul as coordinator of international and U.S. assistance to Afghanistan from 2002 to 2003. He is a graduate of West Point and Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government and served as an infantry platoon leader and combat company commander in the U.S. Army in Vietnam and Germany.