Trump Administration’s Third-Country Transit Bar is Another Asylum Ban
The Trump Administration’s third-country transit asylum bar, issued as an interim final rule on July 16, 2019, would effectively ban asylum for the vast majority of refugees seeking protection at the U.S. southern border. This radical attempt to bypass the laws Congress adopted to protect refugees from return to persecution violates U.S. law and treaty obligations and will cause the United States to return refugees with well-founded fears back to their countries of persecution.
This new regulatory asylum bar attempts to evade the law established by Congress that merely passing through a third country en route to the United States is not a basis to deny asylum. U.S. immigration law bars refugees who transit through other countries from asylum only if they “firmly resettled” in the transit country, or if the United States has a formal return agreement with a country where refugees are both safe from persecution and would have access to a full and fair procedure to seek asylum.